Transportation of dangerous goods
Dangerous goods include substances such as materials, products and industrial wastes that, during transportation, can lead to explosion, fire or damage of various objects and the environment. Dangerous goods can potentially injure and poison people and animals.
According to the legislation of Ukraine, dangerous goods are:
- explosive substances or products;
- flammable substances and those that are prone to spontaneous combustion;
- oxidizing substances and organic peroxides;
- toxic substances;
- infectious substances;
- radioactive materials;
- corrosive substance.
The transportation of dangerous goods is regulated by:
The Law of Ukraine "On the Transport of Dangerous Goods",
Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of 1999 on precautionary measures and rules for the transport of unsafe substances,
Instruction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on ensuring the safety of transportation of harmful substances,
Traffic rules, which include special sections devoted to this topic.
Transportation of dangerous goods by sea is further regulated by international conventions SOLAS and MARPOL.
Special international licenses are required for the international transportation of dangerous goods. The cargo must be insured. For transportation, you should use a specially equipped transport.
When transporting it is important to comply with all the rules, and take into account the features of each particular cargo. The stuff must be well informed about the specifics of such goods and the peculiarities of their transportation, and have practical experience in handling them.